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Heart Health After the Age of 45: A Comprehensive Guide

Heart Health After the Age of 45: A Comprehensive Guide

Heart health becomes increasingly crucial as we age, particularly for individuals over the age of 45. Making healthier choices around this age upwards can help reduce the risk of heart disease and other chronic illnesses, improving your quality of life as you grow older. Lifestyle modifications, at-home monitoring, and annual checkups are essential for your heart health.


In this article, we will explore the significance of maintaining a healthy heart and the measures that can be taken to achieve optimal heart health. Additionally, we will discuss YearsPlus’s nutritional supplement, specifically formulated to support heart health for those in this age group.


Understanding Heart Health


Understanding heart health is crucial, especially as individuals age beyond 45 years. At this stage of life, the cardiovascular system, that is, the heart and blood vessels, undergo notable changes that increase the risk of heart disease and related complications.


As we grow older, our blood vessels may stiffen and become less flexible, leading to decreased blood flow and potential hypertension.1 Additionally, the accumulation of plaque in arteries can narrow blood vessels, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, and heart attacks.2


Furthermore, changes in heart structure and function may occur, such as thickening of the heart walls or alterations in heart rhythm, predisposing individuals to conditions like arrhythmias or heart failure.3 Understanding these age-related changes helps you recognize early signs and symptoms of heart disease, facilitating early diagnosis and management.


Understanding the impact of lifestyle factors on heart health is also essential. Factors such as diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress levels, and sleep quality significantly influence cardiovascular health.4 Conscious lifestyle choices can preserve heart health and prevent the onset or progression of heart disease.


Regular screening and check-ups are important to heart health after 45. Monitoring key indicators such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood glucose levels, and overall cardiovascular function facilitate early detection and treatment of potential heart issues. It also helps reduce the risk of complications and improves outcomes.5


The Role of Nutrition


Proper nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining heart health. Aging comes with alterations in metabolism and hormonal balance, hence the need for healthy dietary choices.6


A heart-healthy diet for individuals over 45 typically emphasizes whole foods rich in nutrients and low in unhealthy fats, sodium, and added sugars. Incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables ensures a high intake of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, contributing to optimal heart function.7


Moreover, prioritizing heart-healthy supplements that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, lipid-modulating, and stress-reducing ingredients can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis and hypertension.


YearsPlus’s nutritional supplement includes key ingredients that support cardiovascular wellness. Green tea extract, evening primrose oil, resveratrol, and rhodiola all contribute to improved heart health.


Green tea extract contains catechins, potent antioxidants linked to various cardiovascular benefits. These antioxidants help combat oxidative stress and inflammation, which are risk factors for heart disease. Additionally, green tea extract may help lower LDL cholesterol levels and improve blood vessel function, promoting better circulation and reducing the risk of atherosclerosis and hypertension.8


Evening primrose oil is rich in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid with anti-inflammatory properties. Studies suggest that GLA may help lower blood pressure and improve cholesterol levels, particularly by increasing HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol) and reducing LDL cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) oxidation.9 By reducing inflammation and supporting lipid metabolism, evening primrose oil may contribute to better heart health.


Resveratrol, a polyphenol, has gained attention for its potential cardiovascular benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Resveratrol may help protect against atherosclerosis by reducing plaque formation in arteries and lowering blood pressure. Additionally, it has been shown to enhance heart muscle function and reduce the risk of heart failure.10


Rhodiola is known for its stress-relieving properties. Chronic stress can contribute to heart disease by elevating blood pressure and increasing inflammation. Rhodiola helps the body adapt to stress more effectively and lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease.11


Lifestyle Modifications 


In addition to proper nutrition, implementing lifestyle modifications is crucial for heart health. Regular physical activity has cardiovascular benefits, as it strengthens the heart muscle, enhances circulation, and helps maintain a healthy weight. Engaging in aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming for at least 150 minutes per week can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.12


Furthermore, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake are vital lifestyle changes for heart health. Smoking damages blood vessels, raises blood pressure, and accelerates the development of atherosclerosis,13 while excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of hypertension, heart failure, and stroke.14 By quitting smoking and moderating alcohol consumption, individuals can lower their cardiovascular risk factors and improve heart health.


Moreover, managing stress and prioritizing quality sleep are integral components of heart-healthy living. Chronic stress elevates blood pressure and contributes to inflammation,15 while inadequate sleep is associated with an increased risk of hypertension, obesity, and heart disease.16


Incorporating stress-reducing activities such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises, as well as ensuring 7-9 hours of sleep per night, can support heart health and overall well-being in individuals over 45. By making these lifestyle modifications, individuals can maintain heart health and optimal quality of life as they grow older.


Regular Check-ups and Monitoring 


Regular medical check-ups and monitoring are indispensable for individuals over 45. These routine assessments allow healthcare professionals to evaluate cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels, and overall heart function.


Monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol levels are key preventive measures. They can help your healthcare provider identify any abnormalities or signs of heart disease early enough. Early detection facilitates prompt intervention, preventing further progression and reducing the risk of complications such as heart attacks or strokes. Additionally, regular screenings enable healthcare providers to track changes over time, tailor treatment plans accordingly, and provide professional advice on lifestyle modifications to improve heart health.


As a general guideline, individuals aged 45 and above should undergo comprehensive heart-health check-ups at least once a year.5 Discussing heart health with your healthcare providers empowers you to take control of your well-being and enjoy a longer, healthier life




Maintaining heart health becomes increasingly vital as we age. Prevention, they say, is better than cure. By adopting a well-rounded approach that includes proper nutrition, lifestyle modifications, and regular check-ups, individuals over 45 can proactively take charge of their cardiovascular wellness. 


Join YearsPlus’s e-mail list to learn more about heart health and receive their white paper, which provides additional insights and information.



  1. Kohn JC, Lampi MC, Reinhart-King CA. Age-related vascular stiffening: causes and consequences. Front Genet. 2015 Mar 30;6:112. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2015.00112. PMID: 25926844; PMCID: PMC4396535.
  2. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. What is Coronary Heart Disease?. Retrieved March 25, 2024 from
  3. Strait JB, Lakatta EG. Aging-associated cardiovascular changes and their relationship to heart failure. Heart Fail Clin. 2012 Jan;8(1):143-64. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2011.08.011. PMID: 22108734; PMCID: PMC3223374.
  4. Ghodeshwar GK, Dube A, Khobragade D. Impact of Lifestyle Modifications on Cardiovascular Health: A Narrative Review. Cureus. 2023 Jul 28;15(7):e42616. doi: 10.7759/cureus.42616. PMID: 37641769; PMCID: PMC10460604.
  5. American Heart Association. Heart-Health Screenings. Retrieved March 25, 2024, from
  6. Pataky MW, Young WF, Nair KS. Hormonal and Metabolic Changes of Aging and the Influence of Lifestyle Modifications. Mayo Clin Proc. 2021 Mar;96(3):788-814. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.07.033. PMID: 33673927; PMCID: PMC8020896.
  7. Diab A, Dastmalchi LN, Gulati M, Michos ED. A Heart-Healthy Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Where Are We Now? Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2023 Apr 21;19:237-253. doi: 10.2147/VHRM.S379874. PMID: 37113563; PMCID: PMC10128075.
  8. Zamani M, Kelishadi MR, Ashtary-Larky D, Amirani N, Goudarzi K, Torki IA, Bagheri R, Ghanavati M and Asbaghi O (2023) The effects of green tea supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Front. Nutr. 9:1084455. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.1084455
  9. Shramko VS, Polonskaya YV, Kashtanova EV, Stakhneva EM, Ragino YI. The Short Overview on the Relevance of Fatty Acids for Human Cardiovascular Disorders. Biomolecules. 2020 Jul 30;10(8):1127. doi: 10.3390/biom10081127. PMID: 32751513; PMCID: PMC7464661.
  10. Dyck GJB, Raj P, Zieroth S, Dyck JRB, Ezekowitz JA. The Effects of Resveratrol in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease and Heart Failure: A Narrative Review. Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Feb 19;20(4):904. doi: 10.3390/ijms20040904. PMID: 30791450; PMCID: PMC6413130.
  11. Ion-George Anghelescu, David Edwards, Erich Seifritz & Siegfried Kasper (2018) Stress management and the role of Rhodiola rosea: a review, International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 22:4, 242-252, DOI: 10.1080/13651501.2017.1417442
  12. Ghodeshwar GK, Dube A, Khobragade D. Impact of Lifestyle Modifications on Cardiovascular Health: A Narrative Review. Cureus. 2023 Jul 28;15(7):e42616. doi: 10.7759/cureus.42616. PMID: 37641769; PMCID: PMC10460604.
  13. Klein LW. Pathophysiologic Mechanisms of Tobacco Smoke Producing Atherosclerosis. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2022;18(6):e110422203389. doi: 10.2174/1573403X18666220411113112. PMID: 35410615; PMCID: PMC9893148.
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  16. Evbayekha EO, Aiwuyo HO, Dilibe A, Nriagu BN, Idowu AB, Eletta RY, Ohikhuai EE. Sleep Deprivation Is Associated With Increased Risk for Hypertensive Heart Disease: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study. Cureus. 2022 Dec 27;14(12):e33005. doi: 10.7759/cureus.33005. PMID: 36712752; PMCID: PMC9879308.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):


1. What are the common heart-related issues that can arise after age 45?


The most common heart-related issues that arise post-45 years old include high blood pressure (or hypertension), atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke, and heart attack.


2. How does proper nutrition contribute to heart health?


Proper nutrition promotes heart health by regulating blood pressure, improving lipid profile, and managing weight gain, thus reducing the risk for cardiovascular disease.


3. What are the key ingredients in YearsPlus’s nutritional supplement and how do they benefit heart health?


YearsPlus’s nutritional supplement includes key ingredients like green tea extract, evening primrose oil, resveratrol, and rhodiola rich in heart-healthy nutrients. These nutrients improve circulation, reduce inflammation and cholesterol levels, and protect against oxidative stress.


4. What are some lifestyle modifications that support heart health?


Lifestyle modifications such as balanced diet, regular exercise, limiting alcohol, smoking cessation, and stress management improve heart health and reduce the risk of developing heart-related diseases.


5. How frequently should individuals over 45 have medical check-ups?


Individuals over 45 should schedule regular medical check-ups at least annually or as advised by their healthcare professional. Regular check-ups promote early detection and treatment of potential heart-related issues, facilitating improved health outcomes. 

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